REAL STRONG MAGNETS SUPPLIER FOR INDUSTRIAL BUYERS

English
You are here Home Blog-tips-news Magnet industry news Magnetism Unveiled: How Do Magnets Work?

Magnetism Unveiled: How Do Magnets Work?

Last update by Jian Guo

Magnetism Unveiled: How Do Magnets Work?

Magnets are a fascinating substance that can produce a force of attraction or repulsion between other magnets. This force is called magnetic force and is one of the most fundamental forces in nature. So, how do magnets generate magnetic force? In this article, we will explain the working principle of magnets from the perspective of magnetic force.


1、 Concept of Magnetic Field

A magnetic field is the space where magnetic force acts. It is an invisible field, but it can be represented by magnetic lines of force. Magnetic lines of force are a set of imaginary lines that originate from the north pole of a magnet and point towards its south pole. They intertwine in space, forming a complex magnetic field structure. The direction of a magnetic field can be represented by the tangential direction of magnetic lines of force.


2、 Internal Structure of a Magnet


A magnet is composed of many tiny magnetic particles called magnetic domains. Each domain contains a large number of magnetic atoms, and their magnetic moments are arranged in an ordered manner, giving the domain a specific magnetic polarity. Within a domain, all magnetic atoms have their magnetic moments pointing in the same direction, which gives the domain a clear magnetic polarity.


3、 Working Principle of a Magnet


(1)Formation of Magnetic Moment


The magnetic moment of a magnetic atom is generated by the motion of its electrons. When electrons orbit around the nucleus, they create a small magnetic field. When multiple magnetic atoms come close together, their magnetic moments interact with each other, forming a larger magnetic moment. This larger magnetic moment is the magnetic moment of the domain.


(2)Formation of Magnetic Field


When the magnetic domains within a magnet are arranged in an ordered manner, they produce a magnetic field. This magnetic field is caused by the interaction between the domains. Within a domain, all magnetic atoms have their magnetic moments pointing in the same direction, giving the domain a clear magnetic polarity. When two domains come close together, their opposite polarities attract or repel each other, thereby creating a magnetic field.


(3)Generation of Magnetic Force


When a magnet approaches other objects, the magnetic atoms within the object are influenced by the magnet's magnetic field, causing the object's internal magnetic domains to rearrange. This process is called magnetization. When an object is magnetized, it produces a magnetic field that opposes the magnet's magnetic field. This opposing magnetic field exerts a force on the magnet, which is called the magnetic force.


4、 Applications of Magnets


Magnets have numerous practical applications in everyday life, some examples include:
(1)Electric Motors: The rotor and stator of an electric motor are both made of magnets. When current flows through the stator, it creates a magnetic field. This field interacts with the magnetic field on the rotor, causing it to rotate. This is the basic working principle of an electric motor.
(2)Electromagnets: An electromagnet is a device that uses electricity to generate a magnetic force. When current flows through a coil, it creates a magnetic field. This field causes the coil's internal magnetic material to become magnetized, generating a strong magnetic force. Electromagnets are widely used in various electrical devices, such as solenoid valves and electromagnetic cranes.
(3)Magnetic Materials: Magnetic materials refer to substances with magnetic properties, such as iron, nickel, and cobalt. Magnetic materials are widely used in various electronic devices, such as hard disk drives, speakers, and headphones.
(4)Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): MRI is a technology that uses a combination of magnetic fields and radiofrequency pulses to image water molecules within the human body. MRI can clearly display soft tissue structures within the body and is valuable for diagnosing various diseases.


5、 Future Development Trends of Magnets

With the continuous development of science and technology, research on magnets is also deepening. In the future, magnets may have higher magnetic performance, lower costs, and wider application areas. For example, researchers are developing new types of magnetic materials, such as nanomagnetic materials and rare-earth magnetic materials. These new types of magnetic materials have higher magnetic performance and lower costs and are expected to be widely used in various fields in the future.
In addition, researchers are exploring new applications for magnets, such as energy storage and environmental protection. For instance, using the magnetic force of magnets can achieve efficient conversion and storage of energy, which is of great significance for solving energy crises and environmental pollution problems.
In summary, magnets are a fascinating substance that can produce a force of attraction or repulsion between other magnets. This force is called magnetic force and is one of the most fundamental forces in nature. The working principle of magnets is achieved through magnetic fields and magnetic forces. When a magnet approaches other objects, the magnetic atoms within the object are influenced by the magnet's magnetic field, causing the object's internal magnetic domains to rearrange and generate an opposite magnetic field. This opposite magnetic field exerts a force on the magnet, which is called the magnetic force. Magnets have many practical applications in real life, such as electric motors, electromagnets, and magnetic materials. With the continuous development of science and technology, research on magnets is advancing, and future magnets may have higher magnetic performance, lower costs, and more extensive application areas.

It has been read 115 times

testimonials

client purchase strong magnets"Since 2006, we found Mr.Guo and get products from him. We used magnets under the earth for the gas and water pipe industries. We have met no problem. We have been working in very happy ways. We have many cooperation. Every year, we spent time together and sometimes, we invited him to Korea. He is our younger brother. Strongly recommended!!"

--------Mr. Tae Lee Korea

customers buy permanent magnets"I had email to Mr. Guo for rare earth magnet requirements. They replied my e-mail promptly, and were very professional. Mr. Guo’s team still continues to deliver rare earth magnets to our agreed specifications with a very high quality standard since 2012. His team is very professional and thorough with its work. Based on my experience, I would highly recommend them." 

------Mr.Tauphik India

More Testimonials


RSS/Atom - Social Networks

RSS ATOM twitter Google+ LinkedIn MySpace